Saturday, June 07, 2014

Arduino Open-source Electronics Prototyping

Arduino is an open-source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. It's intended for artists, designers, hobbyists, and anyone interested in creating interactive objects or environments.

Arduino Open-source Electronics Prototyping

Arduino Open-source Electronics Prototyping

The Arduino Uno is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328 (datasheet). It has 14 digital input/output pins (of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs), 6 analog inputs, a 16 MHz ceramic resonator, a USB connection, a power jack, an ICSP header, and a reset button.

It contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a USB cable or power it with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to get started.

Arduino Ethernet

Arduino Ethernet

The Ethernet differs from other boards in that it does not have an onboard USB-to-serial driver chip, but has a Wiznet Ethernet interface. This is the same interface found on the Ethernet shield.

The Arduino Ethernet is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328 (datasheet). It has 14 digital input/output pins, 6 analog inputs, a 16 MHz crystal oscillator, a RJ45 connection, a power jack, an ICSP header, and a reset button.

Updated May 14

Wednesday, June 04, 2014

UPS Power Inverter and DC to AC

Learn about Power flow, Sags, Dips, Phase rotation, Harmonics, Flicker and more!

Power Quality Teaching Toy

Power Quality Teaching Toy

Standards

CBEMA - Computer Business Equipment Manufacturer's Association adopted curve IEEE Standard 446 (orange book) curve. Recommended Practice for Emergency and Standby power systems for Industrial and Commercial Application."
  • Wave form Sine wave THD (total harmonic distortion) maximum 5%.
  • 3 Phase system phase imbalance of voltage 3% - 6%.
  • Frequency stability 60  +/- 0.5Hz.
  • Output Voltage +6% Max. -13% Min. from Nominal Value.
  • Voltage can fall to 0V but should recover in 0.5 Cycles.
  • On turn on Voltage should reach steady state within two seconds.
  • Upto 200% over Nominal Voltage should be tolerated for 100uS. ( Transients, spikes and Inductive Kickbacks come in this)
  • Upto 30% over Nominal Voltage should be tolerated for 0.5S.
ANSI - American National Standards Institute

"Standard Voltage Ratings for Electrical power systems & Equipment"
  • Steady State Variations +/- 5% of Nominal Voltage. T
  • Three Phase Voltage Imbalance 5% Max..
  • Standard Frequency 60Hz.
Glossary
  • Frequency 60Hz Hz is Hertz.
  • One Cycle = 20mS (milliseconds) one full sine wave.
  • Standard Frequency is 50Hz in many countries.
  • Max - Maximum
  • Min - Minimum
  • uS - micro seconds, S - seconds.
Cause of Transients
  1. Switching Loads Simultaneously (inductive loads).
  2. Power factor correction capacitors and devices.
  3. Lightning strikes (enhanced by earth faults).
  4. Line Inductance (inductive kickback, resonance).
  5. DC and AC Drives for Motors.
  6. Rectifiers with large filters and stray inductance.

CBEMA Guideline
The CBEMA guideline, created by the Computer Business Equipment Manufacturers Association is a realistic, at-the-equipment, maximum allowable voltage that equipment can withstand, without damage or upset.

Monday, June 02, 2014

Maxim Integrated - Analog Integration

They make unique and affordable semiconductor solutions in the areas or Analog and Mixed-signal. The digital and analog interface ICs are useful products in maxim for automotive and industrial product engineering.

Maxim Integrated - Analog Integration

They have Embedded Systems and Optical Communications in their Portfolio. They are well known for Power and Battery Management chips.

Some of products are - 1-Wire and iButton designs, Amplifiers, Analog Switches and Multiplexers, Clock Generation and Distribution, Data Converters, Design Services and Analog IP Blocks, Digital Potentiometers, Embedded Security, Energy-Measurement and Metering SoCs and more.

Novato smart sensor transmitter. - 4-20mA Loop-Powered Temperature Sensor with HART

The Novato reference design is a 16-bit, high-accuracy, loop-powered temperature transducer that transmits temperature information from a remote object to the central control unit over a 4–20mA current loop and using the highway addressable remote transducer (HART) communication protocol.

 Novato smart sensor transmitter.

HART Communication Protocol

The Novato reference design fully satisfies the HART physical layer requirements. The HART functions set is developed by AB Tech Solution, an engineering firm specialized in product development services for industrial automation applications.

Established in 1983, Maxim Integrated Products is a worldwide leader in design, development, and manufacture of linear and mixed-signal integrated circuits (ICs).

Maxim circuits "connect" the real world and digital world by detecting, measuring, amplifying, and converting real-world signals, such as temperature, pressure, or sound, into the digital signals necessary for computer processing.

Maxim Integrated
160, Rio Robles, San Jose, CA 95134 USA.

Blocks

80C51 Analog Analog-Design Analytical-Instrumentation Android Application-Notes-2 ASIC-Design ASIC-SOC-FPGA Bipolar-Transistors Capacitors Circuit-Archive Circuit-Design Circuit-Design-2 Communications Communications-Chips Component-Testing Computer-IC-Module Computer-Interfacing Control-Systems Design-Service Design-Service-2 Design-Service-3 Digital Discrete-Semiconductors DSP EDA EDA-2 EDA-3 EDA-4 EDA-5 Educational Educational-2 Electrical Electromechanical Embedded Embedded-2 Embedded-Applications Embedded-Systems-Tools Energy-Power Engineering-Services Engineering-Services-2 Engineering-Services-3 ESD-EMI-RFI Firmware Home-Automation Industrial-Automation IoT-WSN-M2M LED-Lighting Magazines Manufacturing-Services Materials-Nanotech Mechanical-3D-CAD Mechatronics Medical-Electronics MEMS Microcontroller Microelectronics Mixed Mixed-Semiconductor Mixed-Signal-Design Opamps Open-Hardware Optoelectronics Organizations-Associations Passive-Components PCB-Layout Photonics-Optics PIC Power-Devices Power-Electronics Power-Electronics-Design Process-Control Process-Control-2 Product-Safety Product-System-Design Projects Quality Reference Research-Institutes RF-Components RF-Design RF-Engineering-Services RF-Microwave RF-Semiconductor RF-Wireless-Networking Robotics Scientific-Software Semiconductors Sensors SMPS-Power-Supply Software-Code Spice-Simulation Standards Standards-2 Tech-Docs Tech-Media Technical-Computing Test-Measurement TM-Applications Training-Consulting Virtual-Instrumentation